Teori Kebutuhan Abraham Maslow

Teori Kebutuhan Abraham Maslow - Pras Personal Blog

Menurut Abraham Maslow, manusia memiliki lima tingkat kebutuhan hidup yang akan selalu berusaha untuk dipenuhi sepanjang masa hidupnya. Lima tingkatan yang dapat membedakan setiap manusia dari sisi kesejahteraan hidupnya, teori yang telah resmi di akui dalam dunia psikologi.

Kebutuhan tersebut berjenjang dari yang paling mendesak hingga yang akan muncul dengan sendirinya saat kebutuhan sebelumnya telah dipenuhi. Setiap orang pasti akan melalui tingkatan-tingkatan itu, dan dengan serius berusaha untuk memenuhinya, namun hanya sedikit yang mampu mencapai tingkatan tertinggi dari piramida ini.

Lima tingkat kebutuhan dasar menurut teori Maslow adalah sebagai berikut (disusun dari yang paling rendah) :

1. Kebutuhan Fisiologis
Contohnya adalah : Sandang / pakaian, pangan / makanan, papan / rumah, dan kebutuhan biologis seperti buang air besar, buang air kecil, bernafas, dan lain sebagainya.

2. Kebutuhan Keamanan dan Keselamatan
Contoh seperti : Bebas dari penjajahan, bebas dari ancaman, bebas dari rasa sakit, bebas dari teror, dan semacamnya.

3. Kebutuhan Sosial
Misalnya adalah : Memiliki teman, memiliki keluarga, kebutuhan cinta dari lawan jenis, dan lain-lain.

4. Kebutuhan Penghargaan
Dalam kategori ini dibagi menjadi dua jenis, Eksternal dan Internal.
- Sub kategori eksternal meliputi : Pujian, piagam, tanda jasa, hadiah, dan banyak lagi lainnya.
- Sedangkan sub kategori internal sudah lebih tinggi dari eskternal, pribadi tingkat ini tidak memerlukan pujian atau penghargaan dari orang lain untuk merasakan kepuasan dalam hidupnya.

5. Kebutuhan Aktualisasi Diri
Tingkatan tertinggi ini akan saya bahas khusus dalam artikel selanjutnya, silahkan klik disini.

74 Comments + Add Comment

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  • mungkin Kebutuhan Aktualisasi Diri yang agak susah susah gampang kita capai.. itu kesimpulan yang saya baca :) .. tapi terima kasih banyak telah berbagi

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  • Kebutuhan manusia memang banyak, salah satunya adalah kebutuhan uang, heheh

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NICK: PRAS

Young Entrepreneur, Jewelry Graphic Designer, Pecandu Ilmu Psikologi dan Seni Sastra.

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